Chitwan national park has long been one of the country’s treasures. The park is situated in south central Nepal, covering 932 sq. km(359.84 sq miles). Chitwan valley consists of tropical and subtropical forests such as Sal forests, Riverine forests, and Grassland. Sal forests cover 70 percent of the park.
Sal leaves are used locally for plates in festivals and religious offerings. The area was known as “Four Mile Forest” and was a hunting reserve for big game hunting until 1951. In 1963, the area south of the Rapti River has declared a rhinoceros sanctuary.
Chitwan National Park was the country’s first national park established in 1973. Recognizing its unique ecosystem, UNESCO declared Chitwan national park a world heritage site in 1984.
Chitwan features one of the last populations of Single-Horned Asiatic Rhinoceros and the Bengal tiger. Chitwan also provides an opportunity to view rare species such as the sloth bear, bison, leopard, crocodiles, and elephants.
A serene float down Rapti river in a dugout canoe offers the chance to view many of the more than 450 species of exotic birds. It includes the Giant Hornbill, Lesser Florican, and Paradise flycatcher.
The park is home to more than 50 mammal species, over 500 birds, and 55 amphibians and reptiles. You can also find a number of endangered animals over there. Here is the list of those animals.
- One Horned Rhinoceros,
- Royal Bengal Tiger,
- Wild Elephant,
- Four-horned Antelope,
- Golden Monitor lizard,
- Python, etc.
- Birds include Bengal Florican, Giant Hornbill, Black Stork, White Stork, etc.
And if you choose Chitwan Tour Packages, then you can participate in varieties of activities. Like:
- Jeep safari,
- Elephant safari
- Jungle walking safari
- Elephant bathing,
- Sightseeing at the Elephant breeding center,
- Sightseeing at Tharu village
- Watch Tharu cultural program,
- Bird watching,
- Canoe ride.